Computers

Elements of Distributed Algorithms

Distributed Computing is rapidly becoming the principal computing paradigm in diverse areas of computing, communication, and control. Processor clusters, local and wide area networks, and the information highway evolved a new kind of problems which can be solved with distributed algorithms. In this textbook a variety of distributed algorithms are presented independently of particular programming languages or hardware, using the graphically suggestive technique of Petri nets which is both easy to comprehend intuitively and formally rigorous. By means of temporal logic the author provides surprisingly simple yet powerful correctness proofs for the algorithms. The scope of the book ranges from distributed control and synchronization of two sites up to algorithms on any kind of networks. Numerous examples show that description and analysis of distributed algorithms in this framework are intuitive and technically transparent.
Computers

Elements of Distributed Computing

A lucid and up-to-date introduction to the fundamentals of distributed computing systems As distributed systems become increasingly available, the need for a fundamental discussion of the subject has grown. Designed for first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates as well as practicing computer engineers seeking a solid grounding in the subject, this well-organized text covers the fundamental concepts in distributed computing systems such as time, state, simultaneity, order, knowledge, failure, and agreement in distributed systems. Departing from the focus on shared memory and synchronous systems commonly taken by other texts, this is the first useful reference based on an asynchronous model of distributed computing, the most widely used in academia and industry. The emphasis of the book is on developing general mechanisms that can be applied to a variety of problems. Its examples-clocks, locks, cameras, sensors, controllers, slicers, and synchronizers-have been carefully chosen so that they are fundamental and yet useful in practical contexts. The text's advantages include: Emphasizes general mechanisms that can be applied to a variety of problems Uses a simple induction-based technique to prove correctness of all algorithms Includes a variety of exercises at the end of each chapter Contains material that has been extensively class tested Gives instructor flexibility in choosing appropriate balance between practice and theory of distributed computing
Computers

Distributed Algorithms

In Distributed Algorithms, Nancy Lynch provides a blueprint for designing, implementing, and analyzing distributed algorithms. She directs her book at a wide audience, including students, programmers, system designers, and researchers. Distributed Algorithms contains the most significant algorithms and impossibility results in the area, all in a simple automata-theoretic setting. The algorithms are proved correct, and their complexity is analyzed according to precisely defined complexity measures. The problems covered include resource allocation, communication, consensus among distributed processes, data consistency, deadlock detection, leader election, global snapshots, and many others. The material is organized according to the system model—first by the timing model and then by the interprocess communication mechanism. The material on system models is isolated in separate chapters for easy reference. The presentation is completely rigorous, yet is intuitive enough for immediate comprehension. This book familiarizes readers with important problems, algorithms, and impossibility results in the area: readers can then recognize the problems when they arise in practice, apply the algorithms to solve them, and use the impossibility results to determine whether problems are unsolvable. The book also provides readers with the basic mathematical tools for designing new algorithms and proving new impossibility results. In addition, it teaches readers how to reason carefully about distributed algorithms—to model them formally, devise precise specifications for their required behavior, prove their correctness, and evaluate their performance with realistic measures.
Computers

Distributed Algorithms on Graphs

This volume contains papers presented at the First International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms. The papers present solutions to a wide spectrum of problems (leader election, resource allocation, routing, etc.) and focus on a variety of issues that influence communications complexity.
Computers

Distributed Algorithms

This volume presents the proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms, held July 8-10, 1987, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It contains 29 papers on new developments in the area of the design and analysis of distributed algorithms. The topics covered include, e.g. algorithms for distributed consensus and agreement in networks, connection management and topology update schemes, election and termination detection protocols, and other issues in distributed network control.
Computers

Design and Analysis of Distributed Algorithms

This text is based on a simple and fully reactive computational model that allows for intuitive comprehension and logical designs. The principles and techniques presented can be applied to any distributed computing environment (e.g., distributed systems, communication networks, data networks, grid networks, internet, etc.). The text provides a wealth of unique material for learning how to design algorithms and protocols perform tasks efficiently in a distributed computing environment.
Computers

Distributed Algorithms

This volume presents the proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms (WDAG '94), held on the island of Terschelling, The Netherlands in September 1994. Besides the 23 research papers carefully selected by the program committee, the book contains 3 invited papers. The volume covers all relevant aspects of distributed algorithms; the topics discussed include network protocols, distributed control and communication, real-time systems, dynamic algorithms, self-stabilizing algorithms, synchronization, graph algorithms, wait-free algorithms, mechanisms for security, replicating data, and distributed databases.
Computers

Distributed Algorithms

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms, WDAG '95, held in Le Mont-Saint-Michel, France in September 1995. Besides four invited contributions, 18 full revised research papers are presented, selected from a total of 48 submissions during a careful refereeing process. The papers document the progress achieved in the area since the predecessor workshop (LNCS 857); they are organized in sections on asynchronous systems, networks, shared memory, Byzantine failures, self-stabilization, and detection of properties.
Computers

Distributed Computer-Aided Engineering

Networking of personal computers and workstations is becoming commonplace in academic and industrial environments. A cluster of workstations provides engineers with a familiar, cost-effective environment for high performance computing. However, workstations often have no dedicated link and communicate slowly on a local area network (LAN), such as the Ethernet. Thus, to effectively harness the parallel processing or distributed computing capabilities of workstations, new algorithms need to be developed with a higher computation-to-communication ratio. Distributed Computer-Aided Engineering presents distributed algorithms for three fundamental areas: finite element analysis, design optimization, and visualization - providing a new direction in high performance structural engineering computing.
Computers

Euro-Par 2015: Parallel Processing Workshops

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of 12 workshops held at the 21st International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Euro-Par 2015, in Vienna, Austria, in August 2015. The 67 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 121 submissions. The volume includes papers from the following workshops: BigDataCloud: 4th Workshop on Big Data Management in Clouds - Euro-EDUPAR: First European Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Computing Education for Undergraduate Students - Hetero Par: 13th International Workshop on Algorithms, Models and Tools for Parallel Computing on Heterogeneous Platforms - LSDVE: Third Workshop on Large Scale Distributed Virtual Environments - OMHI: 4th International Workshop on On-chip Memory Hierarchies and Interconnects - PADAPS: Third Workshop on Parallel and Distributed Agent-Based Simulations - PELGA: Workshop on Performance Engineering for Large-Scale Graph Analytics - REPPAR: Second International Workshop on Reproducibility in Parallel Computing - Resilience: 8th Workshop on Resiliency in High Performance Computing in Clusters, Clouds, and Grids - ROME: Third Workshop on Runtime and Operating Systems for the Many Core Era - UCHPC: 8th Workshop on UnConventional High Performance Computing - and VHPC: 10th Workshop on Virtualization in High-Performance Cloud Computing.
Computers

Introduction to Distributed Algorithms

Introduction : distributed systems - The model - Communication protocols - Routing algorithms - Deadlock-free packet switching - Wave and traversal algorithms - Election algorithms - Termination detection - Anonymous networks - Snapshots - Sense of direction and orientation - Synchrony in networks - Fault tolerance in distributed systems - Fault tolerance in asynchronous systems - Fault tolerance in synchronous systems - Failure detection - Stabilization.

Applied Mathematics and Computational Mechanics for Smart Applications

This book presents best selected research papers presented at the Thirteenth International Conference on Applied Mathematics and Mechanics in the Aerospace Industry (AMMAI 2020), held from September 6 to September 13, 2020, at the Alushta Health and Educational Center (The Republic of Crimea). The book is dedicated to solving actual problems of applied mechanics using modern computer technology including smart paradigms. Physical and mathematical models, numerical methods, computational algorithms, and software complexes are discussed, which allow to carry out high-precision mathematical modeling in fluid, gas, and plasma mechanics, in general mechanics, deformable solid mechanics, in strength, destruction and safety of structures, etc. Technologies and software systems that provide effective solutions to the problems at various multi-scale levels are considered. Special attention is paid to the training of highly qualified specialists for the aviation and space industry. The book is recommended for specialists in the field of applied mathematics and mechanics, mathematical modeling, information technologies, and developers of modern applied software systems.
Science

Distributed Algorithms on Graphs

This volume contains papers presented at the First International Workshop on Distributed Algorithms. The papers present solutions to a wide spectrum of problems (leader election, resource allocation, routing, etc.) and focus on a variety of issues that influence communications complexity.
Computers

Distributed and Sequential Algorithms for Bioinformatics

This unique textbook/reference presents unified coverage of bioinformatics topics relating to both biological sequences and biological networks, providing an in-depth analysis of cutting-edge distributed algorithms, as well as of relevant sequential algorithms. In addition to introducing the latest algorithms in this area, more than fifteen new distributed algorithms are also proposed. Topics and features: reviews a range of open challenges in biological sequences and networks; describes in detail both sequential and parallel/distributed algorithms for each problem; suggests approaches for distributed algorithms as possible extensions to sequential algorithms, when the distributed algorithms for the topic are scarce; proposes a number of new distributed algorithms in each chapter, to serve as potential starting points for further research; concludes each chapter with self-test exercises, a summary of the key points, a comparison of the algorithms described, and a literature review.
Computers

Formal Techniques for Distributed Objects, Components, and Systems

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 39th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference on Formal Techniques for Distributed Objects, Components, and Systems, FORTE 2019, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in June 2019, as part of the 14th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2019. The 15 full and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 42 submissions. The conference is dedicated to fundamental research on theory, models, tools, and applications for distributed systems.
Computers

Distributed Algorithms

A comprehensive guide to distributed algorithms that emphasizes examples and exercises rather than mathematical argumentation. This book offers students and researchers a guide to distributed algorithms that emphasizes examples and exercises rather than the intricacies of mathematical models. It avoids mathematical argumentation, often a stumbling block for students, teaching algorithmic thought rather than proofs and logic. This approach allows the student to learn a large number of algorithms within a relatively short span of time. Algorithms are explained through brief, informal descriptions, illuminating examples, and practical exercises. The examples and exercises allow readers to understand algorithms intuitively and from different perspectives. Proof sketches, arguing the correctness of an algorithm or explaining the idea behind fundamental results, are also included. An appendix offers pseudocode descriptions of many algorithms. Distributed algorithms are performed by a collection of computers that send messages to each other or by multiple software threads that use the same shared memory. The algorithms presented in the book are for the most part “classics,” selected because they shed light on the algorithmic design of distributed systems or on key issues in distributed computing and concurrent programming. Distributed Algorithms can be used in courses for upper-level undergraduates or graduate students in computer science, or as a reference for researchers in the field.
Computers

Rigorous Methods for Software Construction and Analysis

This Festschrift volume, published in honor of Egon Börger, contains 14 papers from a Dagstuhl Seminar, which was organized as a "Festkolloquium" on the occasion of his 60th birthday in May 2006. Focusing on applied formal methods, the volume covers a wide range of applied research, spanning from theoretical and methodological foundations to practical applications of Abstract State Machines, B, and beyond, emphasizing universal methods and tools that, regardless of their applicational orientation, are still committed to the ideal of mathematical rigor. In particular, the papers address the following central topics: methodological foundations of requirements specification and verification, characterization of specification languages and their logical foundations, advanced tool environments and systematic integration of tools, machine assisted validation and verification, distributed algorithms and concurrent protocols, novel applications in public safety, security and privacy, industrial case studies and experience reports, and the role of formal methods in computer science education.